16:09FUNCTIONAL TRANSFORMATION IN FORT OF YOGYAKARTA PALACE, A CASE OF OCCUPYING ADAPTABILITY IN HISTORICAL AREA
Yogyakarta, no doubt is still keep typical problems about historic urban area. Many elements of Yogyakarta’s townscape have a serious problem, particularly in facing with physical and visual degradation. One of those elements is The Fort (benteng) of Yogyakarta Palace (Kraton), beside Tamansari, and Dalems ( the noble resident). The fort actually assembled the city structure morphology by its positions surrounded the Palace, formed by the wall inside in width 3 meters and hight 3 meters. It’s a symbol for the birth of new power in Yogyakarta in 1755. Nowadays, parts of fort begining ruin, then in 1969 the Palace permitted that area to be built a vendor and social activity. Gradually that area became a residential community. Only native people permitted to occupy that area, of course within a frame of The Palace regulation. The Fort still shown a latent function for sake of defense, but not in the same way as old city did. It’s like a buffer that keep the palace away from the outside influence, especially in land right.
The charisma of Palace was a prior reason of resident for still occupy in those area which had many constraint. One of these constraint is limited space in dimention about 3 x 4 m2 for one family.
This paper attempt to present about adaptability of resident to keep at their accupied, while still maintain their obedience on The Palace regulation. The study shown that the resident tend to adjust their physical setting in order to accommodate domestic activities within a strategic way, a compromy way not to run against the Palace permission.
Key words : fort of kraton, occupying adaptability
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