14:35Self-initiated transformations of public-provided Dwellings in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Author: Demissachew Shiferaw Cities, Vol. 15, No. 6, pp. 437–448, 1998
This paper discussed at the Study Seminar in Urban Planning Lab, School of Natural Science & Technology on Friday, April 26, 2012 by Pindo Tutuko
Self-initiated transformations of public-provided Dwellings in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Transformations of human settlements are very dramatic in cities of the developing countries where, despite the rapid urbanization process and demographic change, housing provisions fall short of demand. This results in continuous transformation of shelters in order to meet basic needs and changing situations. Unlike in the industrialized countries, this is largely accomplished through spontaneous private initiative. Thus, construction of new dwellings and also modification and maintenance of government-owned ones are private concerns. Especially the low-income groups have no alternative other than to use their own sporadic means. Encouragement and coordination of this enthusiasm by the formal sector is, however, scarce. As a component part of a Ph.D. thesis which involved field surveys from March up to July 1997 the following synopsis sketches user-initiated transformations on government-provided low cost houses in Addis Ababa. Information and figures are extracted from three of the studied residential areas and revealed the fact that self-initiated transformation represents a valuable resource for improving the housing conditions of the low income groups.
Although direct government provision of low-cost housing has featured in the policies of most developing countries, it has been proved that this sector is unable to address the increasing housing needs of the poor.The vast majority of housing units are being constructed through self-help activities. Even if government-built low-cost houses are very few in number in Ethiopia, succeeding self-initiated modification and extension on given structures are taking place to the extent that the original structure becomes beyond recognition. The first unit becomes a core house.
Self-initiated transformation of houses
People endeavor to shelter themselves and the way they build and improve their houses are clues to the design of low-cost housing and application of appropriate technologies and financial strategies.
"kolfe”, "gerji”, and "keftegna 17 kebele 24”
The inhabitants have apparently larger households and much lower incomes. 90% of the household heads and all other male dependents are daily laborers having no permanent employment.
Evaluations and Implications of Transformations
Aspect of Building
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